Nisa White

I create a campaign and the campaign name is “Spread some Love”. After much research, i realized that the MILK foundation has done a lot of projects and events that involved young children that come from different backgrounds. Some were born with autism, some were raised in an unhealthy environment, some were poorly fed and educated because they were not wealthy and some were handicapped or disabled. They had difficulties facing life because of all the obstacle they had to go through. They need special services and guidance to help them do their daily routines. They need encouragement and motivation to push them to their ultimate limits. Without MILK  they


YouTube is mainly for us to view videos or to upload videos. YouTube videos include entertainments, new, politics, sports, people and blog. They have almost all the videos you want to watch. You name it, they have it.

All you have to do is type in the key words and they will have a list of related programs for you.

You can also upload you own video but you have to be a member of YouTube first.

After clicking on one video you want to watch, at the right column will appear with all the related videos.

Ahhh, Twitter! Some find it exciting while some find it boring. It depends. Twitter is some what similar to Messenger Live (MSN) – chatroom. However, in Twitter we do it differently. We have our own names and we type our friend name that we want to communicate with.

We can express what is happening at that instance itself (if you have a Internet access on your handphone, iPod, iPad or even laptop) We can randomly talk about anything that is on our mind. For example, like being envious of what the girl opposite me is wearing and wish you could be the one wearing them first. And press the ‘tweet’ button! But remember, we’re not writing essays but summaries of what is wandering in our head! So limit yourselve to 140 letters only.

If you happen to have a cliques who own a Twitter account, quickly follow them and hopefully they will follow you back. If your friend privatised his/her tweets. Be friendly and approach him/her by sending a friend request. The number of people you followed and the number of followers who followed you will appear just beside the word.

The timeline? It keep tracks of what you have tweeted or re-tweeted from a friend’s profile.

Mentions? Well, it actually keeps all the tweets that have your name in it so you are able to reminicise the small talk you used to have with your friends.

The following are twitter updates from you friends including you. You can find out what your friends have been up too within every minute.

Re-tweet button is a button where you can see who have re-tweeted you tweet.

You can also view his/her profile and see what have she updated on her Twitter if you have not been logging in on to your account. You can also look our for her blog if she/he did put up their URL on their profile.

Facebook – No longer new!  Almost everyone own an account. Be it primary school children to an elderly who wants to search for his old friend. Facebook has a lot of functions that are easy to use and understand.

For example, when we feel like expressing our feelings. We just have to fill in the empty box provided and let the happiness, or sadness and maybe our anger out of our chest and click on the ‘share’ button.

Or maybe if you feel like uploading some pictures from a friend’s birthday party or a trip to Paris. Its only a button away. Click on ‘photo’ and voila! You can choose to upload it from a drive, or take a picture straight from your webcam or make it special by creating an album to remember that day you live your life!

Or perhaps you feel like showing off your singing talent or show your friends  a prank you played on a teacher and caught it on a video camera.  It is as easy as pie! And after you are done! Just share them with your friends. It will appear on your profile and ‘poof’ who knew you could be the next Singapore Idol.

Or, if it is really to difficult. You can just type in the link of the video or picture you want to upload and it will definitely help.

Facebook is fun! We can search for our friends by just typing in their email address, or their names or sometimes there will be a coloum where they will show the people that we might know. We can just look it up and see.

We can also create an event. For example, a surprise birthday party or a reunion gathering or maybe a class chalet! Just click on the empty box which says ‘What are you planning?’ and we can choose what day, what time, who is invited and the venue of the place. Isn’t it easy?

And if you are planning to make a business or expand it. You can show who have been sponsoring your business and this can help you gain trust from your fellow customers.

I suggest that MILK and all its sponsorship partners should create a Facebook account because this is an alternative way for others to view their updates of the latest events. They can easily upload pictures and videos of the events that they help and expose to the world what they have offered for these people who are in need. They can also plan an event faster and recruit whoever that might be interested in volunteering or sponsor these events. They can also randomly add anyone from their region to expand their foundation. With this creative way, it will not only benefit the young generation to be helpful, caring and understanding those people who are incapable of themselves but help the foundation to make it a better one.

TULOY FOUNDATION is a non-government, non-profit organization. They had the licensed and accredited to provide residential care services for children and youth. They committed most of their time for the poor, abandoned, homeless children.

The following are the what Tuloy Foundation have provided for its organisation and how they have help the children to live a better life. It also show what kind of help they offered.

Residential Care and Child Development – Tuloy cares for poor and abandoned children from the streets or from abusive family environments who are 9 to 18 years of age and physically and mentally trainable for skills that will enable them to obtain gainful employment in the future. Prospective residents are assessed by professional social workers and child psychologists, and finally by our Management Committee to ensure that they meet set intake criteria.

Alternative Education – Tuloy sa Don Bosco School offers free education from equivalent grade 1 through vocational/technical courses such as Automotive/Motorcycle Mechanic, Refrigeration and Aircon Maintenance, Building Wiring/Basic Electronics, Computer Technician, Baking, Basic Metal Arc Welding, and Culinary Art. The school’s curriculum is accredited by the Department of Education as non-formal, and is tailored to the needs of the kids whose mental skills lag behind children their age in normal schools. Having wasted away time in the streets instead of in schools, the kids have but a few years to learn practical, working skills by the time they are of employable age. Thus, functional literacy is the orientation of both subject content and teaching methodology. Vocational/technical students are prepared to take trade tests or licensure exams needed in their trade, and undergo on-the-job training prior to graduation.

Values and Spiritual FormationThe more challenging aspect of Tuloy’s task has to do with the transformation of the inner self. For children who had the streets for their home and school, this means restoring values that may have been lost, and teaching values they were never taught… devotion to God, respect for oneself and for others, discipline, honesty, hard work, gratitude, to name a few. The task of formation is a gargantuan one and everyone in the community, from Tuloy’s founder, Fr. Rocky Evangelista, SDB, to the teachers or the maintenance crew knows he has a part in it.

The children learn a step at a time. They learn to keep themselves and their dorms clean, to follow routines, to abide by house and school rules. They learn proper behavior and the golden rule. They learn that they are loved. They learn to be thankful and to forgive. They begin to discard old habits such as using foul language or being quick to pick a fight. They channel idle time to sports and crafts. They study well and begin to aspire and to dream of a future.

Everything that Tuloy do has a purpose and deliberate.

  1. Preventive system – Showing loving kindness, reasoning well with the children and teaching their children right and encouraging them to do it right.
  2. Communication – Providing the children with basic needs such as shelter, food, clothes, health care and education to convince them that they are really important and that Tuloy care for them.
  3. Alternative System–  Giving the children the opportunities to explore their individual talents and work on their potential be it their home or family, arts or sports, education or music.
  4. Infrastructure
  5. Staff and management of Tuloy – Dedicating their efforts in generous service and gentle behaviour.
  6. Transparency and Accountability



Tuloy Foundation has no alternative ways to communicate with the other countries to seek for sponsors or donations. They do not own a Facebook account and a Twitter account which is important. The only way to get through them is by calling their hotline or sending them an email which might not be convient to those who do not live in Philipphine but are willing to help the Tuloy Foundation expose themselves and receive more help.


Therapy Unit – to provide therapy services to help primary, secondary students and young adults with autism copes with issues in their lives. The therapy aims to improve their social interaction, communication skills and to improve their flexibility. 

Key Offerings 

A team of psychologists and autism trained therapists conduct therapy one to one, in pairs or in small groups depending on the needs of the individual. Depending on the age of the clients, the topics covered include:

1. Self-awareness

2. Problem solving

3. Understanding and managing emotions

4. Working and playing with others

5. Managing Bullies

6. Protective behavior

7. Preparing for work life

Support services for students attending sessions also include training for their parents, teachers and peers. This is to help others gain a better understanding of the young person and learn how they can have more successful interactions with them.

Student Enrichment

ARC(S)’s Enrichment Unit offers children and youths with ASD quality enrichment and ASD-friendly programmes. These activities aim to sharpen total development by ASD-friendly instructors. The programmes are open to Pathlight Students and children of ARC(S) members (with ASD) between the ages of 6 and 18. 

Key Offerings

Sports and Fun Camp – One of our most sought after programmes, held over 2 or 3 days. Come join us in a game of Soccer, pitch a tent, go kayak, rock-climbing or sit around a camp fire. Our field trips to the MacRitchie TreeTop Walk, Pulau Ubin, Sentosa and Labrador Park. Provide ample opportunities for social interactions amongst fellow campers and integration with our junior college volunteers.

In-line Skating – What appeared to be quite a challenging program had just the opposite outcome! At the end of the program most students were able to stand up and skate independently at the speed they are comfortable in. What an achievement in only five 1.5 hours sessions! Basic skating skills taught were safety, falling, getting up, balancing, moving and stopping. Upon completion of the Basic program, students can now focus on techniques and speed in skating which is offered on an on-going basis by the ARC Enrichment Unit.

Archery – Participants learn the correct techniques of handling and shooting. Besides standard bull-eye targets, balloons, color-shaped objects and animal pictures are incorporated to liven up the workshop. There is even a fun competition to pick the best 3 shooters. Archers get to experience and grasp the concept of winning/losing in a game. In addition, they also learn to take turns, camaraderie, and socializing with fellow friends. Most importantly, they will have FUN playing a perceived serious sport like archery!

Pottery – Students learn basic ceramics techniques like pinching, slab work and coiling create different types of artwork. Watch them exercise their creativity whilst improving fine motor skills as they create their very own letter holders, vases, animals and other creatures limited only by their imagination. Pottery also helps promote creativity and improves fine motor skills.

Speech and Drama – Through drama, story-telling and singing, children are encouraged to actively express themselves, build language skills and interact with fellow students. This workshop is perfect in drawing out the confidence in children who are less verbal, as they build their self-esteem in a non-threatening and fun environment.

Ms Victoria Chen, a London Academy qualified trainer, has developed a great rapport with the students with her friendly approach and approachable demeanor. Through speech and drama students develop confidence which ultimately give them self-esteem!

Hip Hop Dance – The highly energetic and lively routines give students a great workout whilst they enjoy moving to the beat of hip hop music. Apart from developing body and mind coordination, this performance art helps develop their personal space management and group space awareness. Students to learn to apply their observation and receptive skills which gives a boost to their confidence.

They also practice observation and receptive skills. These skills help boost confidence and encourage children to be more expressive through this form of performing arts.

Training and Consultancy

Our Mission

To help individuals with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) maximise their potential in life through advocacy and provision of direct services in education, employment and empowering of family caregivers / professionals.

About Us

Training and empowering of professionals and family caregivers to better support individuals with ASD Direct intervention services for individuals with ASD in education, employment, social and daily living skills so they can lead independent and meaningful lives


Workshops, seminars and conferences featuring overseas and local presenters are organised regularly with the objective of raising autism expertise in Singapore to a world-class standard. Its signature Autism Best Practices Conferences and Autism Certification programmes are often over-subscribed due to the quality of content and delivery. ARC(S) AITC aims to make significant contributions towards improving positive learning outcomes for professionals and caregivers as well as students / individuals with autism through a variety of specialist autism training programmes and services.


ARC(S) AITC consultants have been offering strategic advice to teaching teams, schools, government and non- government organisations since 2000. A variety of consultancy services including installation of autism programme packages, training and coaching teachers in technical competencies, curriculum development and implementation as well as human resource services and school operations are delivered by a team of highly-qualified, experienced and ‘hands-on’ consultants.
The key focus of our consultancy programmes is on achieving practical outcomes that directly affect key members of the autism community – namely the individual with autism, their careers and the professional teams.


Children and Youth Services

Strategies – Develop the personal and social skills to achieve positive relationship. Develop self-confidence and have guided decision-making and behavior. Motivate at risk youth to continue school and equip out-of-school youth with life skills.

a. School Social Work Services

Enhanced STEP-UP – Enhanced STEP-UP is an initiative by MCYS developed in collaboration with MOE, NCSS, NYC and youth organisations to empower at-risk children and youth. There are two services provided under Enhanced STEP-UP: Service A is for students identified to be at risk of leaving school and Service B is for students who have expressed the intention to leave school or are already out of school.

Objectives of Enhanced STEP-UP are: To provide school social work services to students with socio-emotional issues and those at-risk of dropping out of school and to motivate students with high absenteeism and out of school youths to be meaningfully engaged.

The service is carried out through casework and counseling, family intervention and group work (Service A)/life skills training (Service B) provided by approved service providers.

b. Community-based Services for Children and Youth

Learning Support Services

Learning Support is a specialised programme for children with learning difficulties who are in mainstream schools. The integration of these children into the mainstream education system is facilitated by a combination of intervention for the child and support services for parents.

Befriending and Mentoring Services

Befriending and Mentoring services typically target children and youth who are disadvantaged or display at-risk behaviour. Befriending is a process through which mentors build rapport with children and youth. Mentoring is a developmental relationship involving an older experienced guide to help ease the transition to adolescence through a mix of support and challenge. A mentor may also be a facilitator, role model, coach and friend.

c. Cyber-counselling Service

Cyber-counselling uses the latest communication technology to reach out to youths who are internet savvy and who may find on-line counselling less threatening and easily accessible, with the aim of enabling youths to be more socially competent. A document library and search engine will enable a display of information posted by counsellors and clients. Safety features are incorporated to ensure client confidentiality.

Family Services

a. Family Services

Family Service Centres serve as community-based focal points of family resources which anyone can turn to for help on social support matters relating to the family. They are run by VWOs and supported by MCYS and NCSS. There are currently 37 Family Service Centres located around Singapore. The objectives of Family Service Centres are to promote and improve the social well-being of every individual in the family, at every stage of life. Their services cater to families with a range of needs or face difficulties that can occur at any stage of the family cycle. Everyone, regardless of age, race, gender, nationality, language, or religion, can benefit from the services. Family Service Centres provide two key services – casework & counselling and information & referral.

Casework and Counselling

Casework and Counselling in Family Service Centres are provided by trained social workers to help families or individuals resolve their personal, social and emotional difficulties, and life challenges. Available counselling services include marital counselling and pre-marital counselling, and counselling on behavioural problems and child management, family violence, financial difficulties, and interpersonal relationships.

Information and Referral Service

The Family Service Centres link people in need with appropriate community resources. Individuals may call, walk in, write or email their queries on individual or family-related issues. Family Service Centres also receive referrals for help from schools, hospitals, grassroots, police, MCYS, self-help groups, companies, etc.

Community Support Programmes & Specialised Service

Community Support Programmes may be conducted by the Family Service Centres to better meet community needs through workshops, support groups and other activities.  Such programmes are targeted at children, youth, parents or other specific groups.

b. Single-Parent Family Support Services

The objectives of a Single-Parent Programme are to support and promote the psycho-emotional well-being of single-parent families towards stability, growth and acceptance of the new family unit. The services provided include family casework and counselling, support groups, programmes for children, and public education.

c. Services for Remarriages and Step-families

The holistic programme helps remarried couples and their families cope with their new roles and adjust in their reconstituted families. The services provided include family casework and counselling, support groups, programmes for children, and public education.

d. Family Violence Prevention and Intervention Programme

The Family Violence Prevention and Intervention Programme aims to help victims, perpetrators and witnesses of family violence. It also aims to create greater awareness in the community about issues on family violence through public education and outreach. The programme involves services ranging from remedial services to preventive and developmental programmes. These include casework and counselling, group work, and workshops.

e. Counselling Services

Counselling services aim to help those suffering from psychological issues, anxiety, and behavioural difficulties arising from relationship problems, addictions, bereavement and lifestyle pressures.

Counselling provides individuals with opportunities to explore and work towards living in a more satisfying way. People may find themselves unable to cope with certain situations or to adapt their mode of life to changed circumstances. As such, counselling is especially helpful in times of crisis or change, such as severe or traumatic accident, bereavement, life-threatening illness, loss of employment or home, marital difficulty or other broken relationships which disrupt the previous pattern of life.

Counselling helpline services are also available to provide a listening ear to anyone who needs to talk about their concerns. Information and referral are also available for those with specific needs.

f. Suicide Prevention Service

The suicide prevention service for distressed individuals is provided via a 24-hour helpline counselling service by the Samaritans of Singapore (SOS). SOS also provides a 24-hour emergency squad and immediate on-site help for critically distressed individuals.

g. Aftercare Case Management Service

The objective of the aftercare case management service is to facilitate the reintegration of ex-offenders into families and the society. Such service also aims to harness greater community resources in efforts to reintegrate ex-offenders.

The aftercare case management service assists ex-offenders in attaining employment/job training, securing accommodation, developing social support and coping skills, and attaining a positive lifestyle.

Disabled Services

a. Information and Referral Services

Information and referral services provide information on disability and the services available in the community. They also refer people with disabilities and their families to the Centre for Enabled Living Ltd.b. Early Intervention Programmes for Infants and Children

Early intervention programmes generally offer a range of services to children below the age of six diagnosed with disabilities or developmental delays and their families. They focus on developing a child’s skills in areas of language and communication, social interaction and behaviour, perception and cognition, gross and fine motor, and self-help skills. Parent support and training are also provided.

c. Special Schools

Special schools offer a range of specialised programmes to meet the education and intervention needs of children with autism, intellectual, sensory and multiple disabilities. Some special schools teach the mainstream school curriculum while others emphasise areas such as self-help skills, functional academic skills, pre-vocational skills and daily living skills. In addition to education, special schools also provide therapy, parent support and training services.

d. Vocational Training

Vocational training programmes offer training in vocational skills to people with disabilities to prepare them for employment.

e. Vocational Assessment and Job Placement

Vocational assessment services assess the vocational needs and the readiness for open employment of people with disabilities. For those ready for employment, job matching and follow-up services are provided.

f. Day Activity Centres/Independent Living Training Centres

The Centres provide a day programme for people with disabilities with moderate to low functioning ability to enhance their independence through equipping them with daily and community living skills. Day Activity Centres also provide care relief for caregivers to pursue economic activity or as a form of respite.

g. Sheltered Employment

Sheltered employment provides a simulated work environment and pre-vocational skills training programmes to equip people with disabilities who have the potential and capability for open employment.

h. Homes/Hostels

Homes and hostels provide accommodation and training to people with disabilities with no alternative accommodation or require specific training for independent living. They aim to help people with disabilities live independently by providing training in activities of daily and community living skills.

Elderly Services

a. Befriending Services

The befriending services aim to promote social, psycho-emotional and physical well-being of vulnerable seniors through community participation.  The programme reaches out to and engages vulnerable seniors through home visitations and organisation of social activities by trained volunteers.  It also provides support in areas such as running errands, ad hoc escort services, referrals to appropriate services and coordination of programmes with external parties, where applicable.

b. Caregiver Support Services

Caregivers are a group that faces increasing pressures in caring for their family members and loved ones. Social trends such as Singapore’s rapidly ageing population, a decreasing family size, dual-working parents and the increase in the dependency ratio contribute to the greater stress on caregivers. Services for caregivers are designed to meet the needs of caregivers, and to provide support and advice.

c. Community Case Management Services

Community Case Management Services are provided by professional case managers with either social work or nursing background. Community case managers are trained to assess the needs of seniors and provide support to caregivers. They are well-versed with the eldercare services available in the community, and are able to co-ordinate a comprehensive array of services to meet the needs of the seniors.

d. Community/Sheltered Homes

A Community Home or Sheltered Home is a residential arrangement catering to the needs of the ambulant and frail seniors who are without next-of-kin, or for certain reasons, are unable to stay with family members. Residents in these homes manage their own activities of daily living and exercise their own choice of lifestyle. Social interactions and recreational activities are organised for the seniors

e. Counselling Service

Counselling Service provides an avenue for seniors, their family members and significant others to manage their personal and family challenges. This service helps seniors to seek help and care for their mental health, and is available at SAGE Counselling Centre, O’Joy Care Services, Hua Mei Centre for Successful Ageing as well as other counselling centres and Family Service Centres.

f. Day Care Centres for Seniors

Day Care Centres provide supervision and support to seniors while their caregivers are at work. Social recreational activities as well as meals are provided. The Centres also cater to frail seniors who require supervision, and follow-up with maintenance programmes after their discharge from the Day Rehabilitation Centre.

g. Day Rehabilitation Centres

Day Rehabilitation Centres provide custodial and rehabilitation for frail seniors who require follow-up care after discharge from hospitals, and/or are affected by conditions such as stroke, arthritis, amputation, senile dementia and frailty.

h. Dementia Day Care Centres

Dementia Day Care Centres provide custodial and therapeutic services during the day to seniors with dementia. Caregivers of persons with dementia can also seek information, support and respite from these centres.

i. Home Care (Home Help Service and Home Nursing/Medical Services)

The Home Help Service provides a range of services to assist seniors living in the community, such as meal delivery, housekeeping, laundry service, escort service to hospitals/clinics, and help in personal care and hygiene. The Home Nursing/Medical Services are for seniors who need medical and nursing care in their own home.

j. Hospice Services

Hospice Home Care and Day Care provide care to terminally ill patients with complicated diseases. It is an essential step-down facility and has proven to be effective in reducing the hospitalisation of terminal patients. The service also helps to alleviate the stress on caregivers and family members.

k. Neighbourhood Links

Neighborhood Links are neighborhood focal points where seniors and other residents come together for activities and community services that enhance their social well-being and support network in the neighborhood. Neighborhood Links also offer opportunities for volunteer efforts, inter-generational activities and serves as a link between residents and service providers in the community.

l. Nursing Home

Nursing Homes provide residential nursing care for seniors who, for reasons of physical or mental infirmity, are dependent and cannot be cared for at home. Regular therapy services, as well as social and recreational activities, are also planned for the seniors. Caregivers who are taking care of seniors in their own homes can seek respite by sending them to the nursing homes for a short period if they need to have a break from their daily caring task. The nursing homes are either run by VWOs or by private operators.

m. Seniors Activity Centre

Seniors Activity Centres are drop-in centres for seniors in HDB rental blocks as well as in the immediate neighbourhood. They form the hub for activities and provide a warm, receptive and familiar environment for seniors to drop by during their opening hours. Besides providing social and recreational programmes and activities, Seniors Activity Centres also provide support services such as befriending, emergency alert response calls, guidance, advice, and information & referral.

Sustainable Development and Research Foundation

The SDRF was founded with a goal to help at risk communities existing in this country. Our work is done to lighten the load of His Majesty, Bhumibol Adulyadej, our most respected King, and also to support the burdens of the Thai government for at risk communities. The SDRF seeks to represent all those who desire to help at risk communities in Thailand who are facing the burdens and difficulties of life. Our desire is enable at risk communities to have new opportunities to improve their lives, have enough to eat and have a life with the basic needs guaranteed by the declaration of the King. Thus, SDRF would like to invite all of you, who are filled with love and compassion for people who are suffering from the lack of ability to address their own basic needs such as food, housing, health and education. Members of these at risk communities are our fellow citizens who are faced with poverty and difficulties which they can address through our help and love.

1. Various Funds:
– Educational Scholarship Fund
– Occupation / Vocational Support Fund
– Housing Fund
2. Marine Research Institute
3. Center for HIV/AIDS affected persons
4. Center for Sustainable Development
5. High School for Isolated at Risk Communities

VisionFocus on helping and improving the quality of life in a sustainable manner for those who are disadvantaged.
Mission – Help to provide at-risk people with the education, occupation, health and housing needed to improve and maintain their quality of life & encourage forest conservation, and help revive the local marine environment by breeding and releasing disappearing marine life in order to develop a better life for at-risk people in a sustainable manner.

Population and community development association

PDA has pioneered sustainable grassroots endeavors, marked by extensive villager involvement not only as beneficiaries, but also as partners, planners, managers, and leaders. PDA’s programs are based on the belief that local people are best suited to be an equal partner in shaping and sustaining their own development. 35 years of PDA’s involvement has created significant change in the following areas:

Family Planning – PDA’s innovative program, which included the non-physician, community-based distribution of oral contraceptives and condoms, as well as a clinic referral service, contributed significantly to the decrease of Thailand’s annual population growth rate from 3.3% in the 1970s to 0.6% in 2005. PDA utilized humor and a common sense approach, which resonated in local communities. PDA also partnered with local government agencies to reach out to rural communities beyond the local governments’ ability to serve.

AIDS – PDA was one of the first to sound the alarm about the possible rapid spread of HIV and AIDS in Thailand. It has responded with an AIDS program that fights the epidemic with a combination of prevention, information dissemination, and care projects. AIDS prevention efforts respond to broad societal needs for accurate information and frank discussion as well as the needs of different communities. Through vocational training and education projects, PDA has helped to give villagers economic alternatives to the commercial sex industry, especially for young northern women who are often targeted by recruiters.

Health – PDA remains involved in health care through family planning clinics in Bangkok and three provincial cities, as well as mobile health vans which further extend basic health care, x-rays, school, and industrial health. By charging fees significantly lower than private clinics, the program has attracted a wide client base and has become self-sufficient. PDA is responsible for 30% of the total number of vasectomies in Thailand and 80% of those occurring within Bangkok. PDA has been involved in pregnancy termination services during a time in which the legality of such action was narrowly interpreted by the government; however, by the end of 2005, PDA and a group of physicians managed to convince the Medical Council of Thailand to accept new medical regulations concerning pregnancy termination on physical as well as mental health grounds.

Income Generation and Property Reduction – PDA launched the Thai Business Initiative in Rural Development (TBIRD) in 1988. TBIRD was launched to share the financial, technical and managerial recourses of the private sector with government and community initiatives, in order to support the economic development in poorer areas. By fostering or adopting a village, a company can help the less privileged to earn a reasonable income through sustainable agricultural projects, cottages industries, and small enterprises.

Water and environmental – PDA has been helping rural villages improve their health and increase their wealth for more than 25 years by expanding access to clean water through water collection and distribution systems. PDA’s Water Resources Development (WRD) project works with communities to help them establish, manage, and maintain their own water systems. The loan of water goes into a revolving fund, which supports villager training in building and operating water systems and can go towards establishing new water system development projects in other villages. The WRD project links water resource development with income generation. Water is used for growing cash crops, vegetables, and raising fish and shrimp, among other income generating activities. Another initiative called the Sky Irrigation project helps villages develop vegetable banks and water systems that allow year-round production of cash crops. The food produced is not only sold to provide income for villagers, but is also used to feed their families; thus, this affordable, multipurpose water resource management system puts into place a permanent village-level institution which will serve, in an integrated approach, the myriad health needs of the community while simultaneously providing alternative sources of income for micro-entrepreneurs within the community.

Since 1980, PDA’s urban health programs have grown to reach schools, low-income communities and factories with health check-ups, education and awareness campaigns in nutrition, basic health and hygiene, environmental sanitation, and other health issues. In addition, a peer counseling and short-term crisis and service center address the needs and concerns of the elderly. To support and enhance this effort, PDA produces a wide variety of information and outreach materials tailored to different sectors of society. To further extend outreach efforts, PDA maintains a library and resource center that organizes and disseminates AIDS information and outreach materials on an international basis.

Education and nutrition – PDA has created dozens of “school lunch farms” around rural Thailand, including in the Tsunami-affected communities of Krabi and Phang Nga provinces. The school lunch farm program builds small crop plots within the rural schools to be used in school lunches and as an additional source of income. School lunch farms are a sustainable answer to food shortages at school and at home.

The entire community takes ownership of the project: village members volunteer their labor to set up farm infrastructure, students cultivate the crops and raise the animals, and parents and teachers provide guidance and training. Each school also has subcommittees composed of parents, teachers, and students who oversee different kinds of farm activities. Farming is even integrated into the educational curriculum so that students are graded on their care of the farms, and they learn important lessons about responsibility. Some of the food is used for school lunches and the surplus is sold to buy more expensive items such as rice or to invest in the next cycle of crops and animals. The farms are incredibly environmentally-friendly, utilizing organic fertilizer and bicycle-powered or rainwater-based irrigation systems. School communities reap tangible benefits from the farms in terms of income and food, but they also feel a heightened sense of self-sufficiency and empowerment upon seeing their own hard work transform into reality. The students are encouraged to develop solutions by using available resources. This technique facilitates the development of the students to be a future leaders, entrepreneurs, or innovators as opposed to citizens who just follows orders.